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Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking

Haspelmath, Martin

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  "description": "<p>This paper compares the concept pair <em>indexing/flagging </em>with the well-known concept pair <em>head/dependent marking </em>that is widely used in typology. It shows that a general concept of flagging (comprising case and adpositional marking) is needed, and it sketches the advantages of the indexing concept over the older idea of &ldquo;person agreement&rdquo;. It then points out that the notions of head and dependent are hard to define (apart from the two basic domains of clauses and nominals), and that the head/dependent marking typology does not take the function of syntactic relation markers into account. On a functional view, both flags and indexes can be seen as role- identifiers, as opposed to concordants (attributive agreement markers). After discussing three further issues with the head/dependent marking typology, involving construct markers, concordants, and cross-indexes, I conclude that the concept pair <em>indexing/flagging </em>is more suitable for typological purposes than <em>head/dependent marking</em>.</p>", 
  "license": "", 
  "creator": [
      "affiliation": "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History", 
      "@id": "", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Haspelmath, Martin"
  "headline": "Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking", 
  "image": "", 
  "datePublished": "2019-02-21", 
  "url": "", 
  "@context": "", 
  "identifier": "", 
  "@id": "", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking"
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