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Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking

Haspelmath, Martin


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3678475</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Haspelmath, Martin</creatorName>
      <givenName>Martin</givenName>
      <familyName>Haspelmath</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-2100-8493</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History</affiliation>
    </creator>
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  <titles>
    <title>Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2019</publicationYear>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2019-02-21</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3678475</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3678474</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;This paper compares the concept pair &lt;em&gt;indexing/flagging &lt;/em&gt;with the well-known concept pair &lt;em&gt;head/dependent marking &lt;/em&gt;that is widely used in typology. It shows that a general concept of flagging (comprising case and adpositional marking) is needed, and it sketches the advantages of the indexing concept over the older idea of &amp;ldquo;person agreement&amp;rdquo;. It then points out that the notions of head and dependent are hard to define (apart from the two basic domains of clauses and nominals), and that the head/dependent marking typology does not take the function of syntactic relation markers into account. On a functional view, both flags and indexes can be seen as role- identifiers, as opposed to concordants (attributive agreement markers). After discussing three further issues with the head/dependent marking typology, involving construct markers, concordants, and cross-indexes, I conclude that the concept pair &lt;em&gt;indexing/flagging &lt;/em&gt;is more suitable for typological purposes than &lt;em&gt;head/dependent marking&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/670985/">670985</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Form-frequency correspondences in grammar</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
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