Journal article Open Access

Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking

Haspelmath, Martin


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        <foaf:name>Haspelmath, Martin</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking</dct:title>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;This paper compares the concept pair &lt;em&gt;indexing/flagging &lt;/em&gt;with the well-known concept pair &lt;em&gt;head/dependent marking &lt;/em&gt;that is widely used in typology. It shows that a general concept of flagging (comprising case and adpositional marking) is needed, and it sketches the advantages of the indexing concept over the older idea of &amp;ldquo;person agreement&amp;rdquo;. It then points out that the notions of head and dependent are hard to define (apart from the two basic domains of clauses and nominals), and that the head/dependent marking typology does not take the function of syntactic relation markers into account. On a functional view, both flags and indexes can be seen as role- identifiers, as opposed to concordants (attributive agreement markers). After discussing three further issues with the head/dependent marking typology, involving construct markers, concordants, and cross-indexes, I conclude that the concept pair &lt;em&gt;indexing/flagging &lt;/em&gt;is more suitable for typological purposes than &lt;em&gt;head/dependent marking&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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