Journal article Open Access

Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking

Haspelmath, Martin

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  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.3678475", 
  "container_title": "Te Reo", 
  "title": "Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>This paper compares the concept pair <em>indexing/flagging </em>with the well-known concept pair <em>head/dependent marking </em>that is widely used in typology. It shows that a general concept of flagging (comprising case and adpositional marking) is needed, and it sketches the advantages of the indexing concept over the older idea of &ldquo;person agreement&rdquo;. It then points out that the notions of head and dependent are hard to define (apart from the two basic domains of clauses and nominals), and that the head/dependent marking typology does not take the function of syntactic relation markers into account. On a functional view, both flags and indexes can be seen as role- identifiers, as opposed to concordants (attributive agreement markers). After discussing three further issues with the head/dependent marking typology, involving construct markers, concordants, and cross-indexes, I conclude that the concept pair <em>indexing/flagging </em>is more suitable for typological purposes than <em>head/dependent marking</em>.</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Haspelmath, Martin"
  "page": "93-115", 
  "volume": "62", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "issue": "1", 
  "id": "3678475"
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