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Body-related cognitive distortions (thought–shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students—An ecological momentary assessment study

Wyssen, Andrea; Leins, Judith; Reichenberger, Julia; Blechert, Jens; Munsch, Simone; Steins-Loeber, Sabine


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    <subfield code="a">2022-02-18</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Etiological models of eating disorders (EDs) describe body dissatisfaction (BD)as one&lt;br&gt;
of the major influences fostering dysfunctional body-related behaviour and disordered&lt;br&gt;
eating behaviour. BD is influenced by repeated exposure to thin ideals that&lt;br&gt;
evoke high self-ideal discrepancy and result in body-related cognitive distortions&lt;br&gt;
such as thought&amp;ndash;shape fusion body (TSF-B). The aim of this study was to investigate&lt;br&gt;
the covariation of daily media exposure and the experience of TSF-B in a naturalistic&lt;br&gt;
setting. It was further analysed whether TSF-B is associated with self-ideal discrepancy,&lt;br&gt;
dysfunctional body-related behaviour, and disordered eating behaviour. Moreover,&lt;br&gt;
person-related predictors of TSF-B were explored. Altogether, 51healthy&lt;br&gt;
female students (mean age 21.06years, SD = 1.76) participated in an ecological&lt;br&gt;
momentary assessment study with four daily surveys during 10consecutive days.&lt;br&gt;
Exposure with thin ideals in contrast to exposure to unspecific media contents went&lt;br&gt;
along with the experience of TSF-B. TSF-B was associated with higher self-ideal&lt;br&gt;
discrepancy and dysfunctional body-related behaviour as well as more pronounced&lt;br&gt;
disordered eating behaviour, suggesting that TSF-B is a common phenomenon in&lt;br&gt;
young healthy females&amp;#39; everyday life. A main effect of trait measures (e.g., pre-existing&lt;br&gt;
BD) on TSF-B was observable but has no moderating effect. Thus, a specific vulnerability&lt;br&gt;
has not been detected.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Otto-Friedrich University of Bamberg, Bamberg, Germany</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Leins, Judith</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austriartment of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Reichenberger, Julia</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria</subfield>
    <subfield code="0">(orcid)0000-0002-3820-109X</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Blechert, Jens</subfield>
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  <datafield tag="700" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="u">Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Munsch, Simone</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Otto-Friedrich University of Bamberg, Bamberg, Germany</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Steins-Loeber, Sabine</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland</subfield>
    <subfield code="0">(orcid)0000-0003-0836-9817</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Wyssen, Andrea</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">10.1002/cpp.2421</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Body-related cognitive distortions (thought–shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students—An ecological momentary assessment study</subfield>
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