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Body-related cognitive distortions (thought–shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students—An ecological momentary assessment study

Wyssen, Andrea; Leins, Judith; Reichenberger, Julia; Blechert, Jens; Munsch, Simone; Steins-Loeber, Sabine


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  "doi": "10.1002/cpp.2421", 
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    "embargo_date": "2022-02-18", 
    "doi": "10.1002/cpp.2421", 
    "description": "<p>Etiological models of eating disorders (EDs) describe body dissatisfaction (BD)as one<br>\nof the major influences fostering dysfunctional body-related behaviour and disordered<br>\neating behaviour. BD is influenced by repeated exposure to thin ideals that<br>\nevoke high self-ideal discrepancy and result in body-related cognitive distortions<br>\nsuch as thought&ndash;shape fusion body (TSF-B). The aim of this study was to investigate<br>\nthe covariation of daily media exposure and the experience of TSF-B in a naturalistic<br>\nsetting. It was further analysed whether TSF-B is associated with self-ideal discrepancy,<br>\ndysfunctional body-related behaviour, and disordered eating behaviour. Moreover,<br>\nperson-related predictors of TSF-B were explored. Altogether, 51healthy<br>\nfemale students (mean age 21.06years, SD = 1.76) participated in an ecological<br>\nmomentary assessment study with four daily surveys during 10consecutive days.<br>\nExposure with thin ideals in contrast to exposure to unspecific media contents went<br>\nalong with the experience of TSF-B. TSF-B was associated with higher self-ideal<br>\ndiscrepancy and dysfunctional body-related behaviour as well as more pronounced<br>\ndisordered eating behaviour, suggesting that TSF-B is a common phenomenon in<br>\nyoung healthy females&#39; everyday life. A main effect of trait measures (e.g., pre-existing<br>\nBD) on TSF-B was observable but has no moderating effect. Thus, a specific vulnerability<br>\nhas not been detected.</p>", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
    }, 
    "title": "Body-related cognitive distortions (thought\u2013shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students\u2014An ecological momentary assessment study", 
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    "publication_date": "2019-12-19", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0003-0836-9817", 
        "affiliation": "University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland", 
        "name": "Wyssen, Andrea"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Otto-Friedrich University of Bamberg, Bamberg, Germany", 
        "name": "Leins, Judith"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austriartment of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria", 
        "name": "Reichenberger, Julia"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-3820-109X", 
        "affiliation": "Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria", 
        "name": "Blechert, Jens"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland", 
        "name": "Munsch, Simone"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Otto-Friedrich University of Bamberg, Bamberg, Germany", 
        "name": "Steins-Loeber, Sabine"
      }
    ], 
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