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Body-related cognitive distortions (thought–shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students—An ecological momentary assessment study

Wyssen, Andrea; Leins, Judith; Reichenberger, Julia; Blechert, Jens; Munsch, Simone; Steins-Loeber, Sabine


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            <foaf:name>Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Otto-Friedrich University of Bamberg, Bamberg, Germany</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>Body-related cognitive distortions (thought–shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students—An ecological momentary assessment study</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2019</dct:issued>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Etiological models of eating disorders (EDs) describe body dissatisfaction (BD)as one&lt;br&gt; of the major influences fostering dysfunctional body-related behaviour and disordered&lt;br&gt; eating behaviour. BD is influenced by repeated exposure to thin ideals that&lt;br&gt; evoke high self-ideal discrepancy and result in body-related cognitive distortions&lt;br&gt; such as thought&amp;ndash;shape fusion body (TSF-B). The aim of this study was to investigate&lt;br&gt; the covariation of daily media exposure and the experience of TSF-B in a naturalistic&lt;br&gt; setting. It was further analysed whether TSF-B is associated with self-ideal discrepancy,&lt;br&gt; dysfunctional body-related behaviour, and disordered eating behaviour. Moreover,&lt;br&gt; person-related predictors of TSF-B were explored. Altogether, 51healthy&lt;br&gt; female students (mean age 21.06years, SD = 1.76) participated in an ecological&lt;br&gt; momentary assessment study with four daily surveys during 10consecutive days.&lt;br&gt; Exposure with thin ideals in contrast to exposure to unspecific media contents went&lt;br&gt; along with the experience of TSF-B. TSF-B was associated with higher self-ideal&lt;br&gt; discrepancy and dysfunctional body-related behaviour as well as more pronounced&lt;br&gt; disordered eating behaviour, suggesting that TSF-B is a common phenomenon in&lt;br&gt; young healthy females&amp;#39; everyday life. A main effect of trait measures (e.g., pre-existing&lt;br&gt; BD) on TSF-B was observable but has no moderating effect. Thus, a specific vulnerability&lt;br&gt; has not been detected.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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