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Body-related cognitive distortions (thought–shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students—An ecological momentary assessment study

Wyssen, Andrea; Leins, Judith; Reichenberger, Julia; Blechert, Jens; Munsch, Simone; Steins-Loeber, Sabine


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{
  "DOI": "10.1002/cpp.2421", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Wyssen, Andrea"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Leins, Judith"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Reichenberger, Julia"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Blechert, Jens"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Munsch, Simone"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Steins-Loeber, Sabine"
    }
  ], 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2019, 
        12, 
        19
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>Etiological models of eating disorders (EDs) describe body dissatisfaction (BD)as one<br>\nof the major influences fostering dysfunctional body-related behaviour and disordered<br>\neating behaviour. BD is influenced by repeated exposure to thin ideals that<br>\nevoke high self-ideal discrepancy and result in body-related cognitive distortions<br>\nsuch as thought&ndash;shape fusion body (TSF-B). The aim of this study was to investigate<br>\nthe covariation of daily media exposure and the experience of TSF-B in a naturalistic<br>\nsetting. It was further analysed whether TSF-B is associated with self-ideal discrepancy,<br>\ndysfunctional body-related behaviour, and disordered eating behaviour. Moreover,<br>\nperson-related predictors of TSF-B were explored. Altogether, 51healthy<br>\nfemale students (mean age 21.06years, SD = 1.76) participated in an ecological<br>\nmomentary assessment study with four daily surveys during 10consecutive days.<br>\nExposure with thin ideals in contrast to exposure to unspecific media contents went<br>\nalong with the experience of TSF-B. TSF-B was associated with higher self-ideal<br>\ndiscrepancy and dysfunctional body-related behaviour as well as more pronounced<br>\ndisordered eating behaviour, suggesting that TSF-B is a common phenomenon in<br>\nyoung healthy females&#39; everyday life. A main effect of trait measures (e.g., pre-existing<br>\nBD) on TSF-B was observable but has no moderating effect. Thus, a specific vulnerability<br>\nhas not been detected.</p>", 
  "title": "Body-related cognitive distortions (thought\u2013shape fusion body) associated with thin-ideal exposure in female students\u2014An ecological momentary assessment study", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "id": "3673954"
}
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