Journal article Open Access

The Urine-culturing Cascade: Variation in Nursing Home Urine Culturing and Association With Antibiotic Use and Clostridiodes difficile Infection

Brown, Kevin Antoine; Daneman, Nick; Schwartz, Kevin L.; Langford, Bradley; McGeer, Allison; Quirk, Jacquelyn; Diong, Christina; Garber, Gary


Citation Style Language JSON Export

{
  "DOI": "10.1093/cid/ciz482", 
  "container_title": "Clinical Infectious Diseases", 
  "title": "The Urine-culturing Cascade: Variation in Nursing Home Urine Culturing and Association With Antibiotic Use and Clostridiodes difficile Infection", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2019, 
        6, 
        14
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "Background: Rates of antibiotic use vary widely across nursing homes and cannot be explained by resident characteristics. Antibiotic prescribing for a presumed urinary tract infection is often preceded by inappropriate urine culturing. We examined nursing home urine-culturing practices and their association with antibiotic use.   \n\nMethods We conducted a longitudinal, multilevel, retrospective cohort study based on quarterly nursing home assessments between April 2014 and January 2017 in 591 nursing homes and covering >90% of nursing home residents in Ontario, Canada. Nursing home urine culturing was measured as the proportion of residents with a urine culture in the prior 14 days. Outcomes included receipt of any systemic antibiotic and any urinary antibiotic (eg, nitrofurantoin, trimethoprim/sulfonamides, ciprofloxacin) in the 30 days after the assessment and Clostridiodes difficile infection in the 90 days after the assessment. Adjusted Poisson regression models accounted for 14 resident covariates.   \n\nResults: A total of 131 218 residents in 591 nursing homes were included; 7.9% of resident assessments had a urine culture in the prior 14 days; this proportion was highly variable across the 591 nursing homes (10th percentile = 3.4%, 90th percentile = 14.3%). Before and after adjusting for 14 resident characteristics, nursing home urine culturing predicted total antibiotic use (adjusted risk ratio [RR] per doubling of urine culturing, 1.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18\u20131.23), urinary antibiotic use (RR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.28\u20131.38), and C. difficile infection (incidence rate ratio, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.07\u20131.31).   \n\nConclusions Nursing homes have highly divergent urine culturing rates; this variability is associated with higher antibiotic use and rates of C. difficile infection.", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Brown, Kevin Antoine"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Daneman, Nick"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Schwartz, Kevin L."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Langford, Bradley"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "McGeer, Allison"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Quirk, Jacquelyn"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Diong, Christina"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Garber, Gary"
    }
  ], 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "id": "3666982"
}
8
1
views
downloads
Views 8
Downloads 1
Data volume 576.1 kB
Unique views 4
Unique downloads 1

Share

Cite as