Journal article Open Access
Today, illegal migration in Ukraine poses a significant threat to the national security of the country, as state-controlled migration processes cause shadowing of certain sectors of the labor market, the emergence of interethnic conflicts, trafficking in human beings, the existence of corruption and drug trafficking. Problems remain: the absence of codified legislation to prevent criminal activity in the field of illegal migration, the imperfect settlement of regimes on traditional ways of illegal migration, also no responsibility for the illegal use of illegal migrants' work, the need for systematic accountability relations between state bodies performing the function of protecting the state border of Ukraine. Accurate and objective identification of the causes, conditions, factors and methods of illegal migration of migrants plays a leading role in understanding the processes that facilitate illegal migration and help to identify the circumstances underlying human deviant behavior, which in turn will allow measures to be taken. eliminating the environment for motivation. Illegal migrants, as well as their leaders, use numerous illegal ways to cross the Ukrainian state border, overcoming vast distances and risking their lives. The only solution, in my opinion, is to reduce the material interest of the border population in engaging in this criminal business. At the same time, implementation of these measures is possible only at the international level. Therefore, it is necessary to interact with the law enforcement agencies of neighboring states and to undertake joint activities to counteract the illicit movement of persons across borders.
Therefore, in this paper, I consider it is expedient to study the current theoretical and practical aspects of combating illegal migration, to analyze the ways and causes of illegal smuggling across the state border of Ukraine and to identify the main approaches for solving this issue. Moreover, the author thinks that it is necessary to establish cooperation with foreign law enforcement agencies and conduct a joint activity related to illegal migration.