Journal article Open Access

Diagnosing Cervical Lesions Through LLETZ - A Reliable and Effective Tool

Wasim, Zahra; Arif, Saima; Malik, Uzma Ameer; Mehboob, Faiza

ABSTRACT

Background: Cervical dysplasia is the most common gynecological disorder of modern era. It initiates around the squamocolumnar junction of the cervix commonly due to the infection of human papilloma virus. Large loop excision of transitional zone is globally a standard procedure of choice both for diagnosing and treating cervical dysplasia. Pap smear is a fast and easy assessment tool for detecting cervical lesions, but it is relatively unreliable.

Methodology: Fifty patients of age group 35 to 65 years patients having normal looking cervix with abnormal pap smear or suspicious looking cervix with or without abnormal pap smear, were selected for the study after informed consent. The procedure for LLTEZ was performed under strict aseptic measures in the procedural room and the biopsy specimen was sent for histopathological examination. The pathological findings were presented as percentages.

Results: 66% cervical biopsy specimens were suggestive of chronic cervicitis and 24% samples were suggestive of chronic cervicitis with squamous metaplasia. Mild dysplasia in 4% samples, moderate and severe dysplasia were seen in 2% samples.

Conclusion: LLETZ is an efficient procedure to deal with cervical dysplasia. It must be recommended for the work-up of uncertain gynecological presentations. The expertise of professionals must be improved through training to obtain maximum benefits.

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