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THE NATURAL LANDSCAPE AS A DECISIVE FACTOR IN STRUCTURING URBAN AND ARCHITECTURAL THE HISTORICAL CENTER OF SÃO LUÍS, MARANHÃO, BRAZIL

GHIGNATTI, Luísa


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This work aims to establish a parallel between the urban built landscape of S&amp;atilde;o Lu&amp;iacute;s historic center in Maranh&amp;atilde;o and the natural environment in which it was inserted. It will seek to analyze the landscape&amp;rsquo;s natural system, the cultural heritage built and the interaction between those elements. During the study, the topography will be emphasized as one of the elements responsible for S&amp;atilde;o Lu&amp;iacute;s historical Center urban network formation and further development and also for the configuration of its architecture which formed new typologies such as the &lt;em&gt;Sobrados&lt;/em&gt;. It is also discussed the infrastructure works relevance that sought to overcome the natural terrain constraints, essential for the functioning of a city whose economy was based on port trade. As a consequence of the city growth, the natural factors imposed the creation of solutions that would support the historical urban fabric expansion such as the bridges over the &lt;em&gt;Anil&lt;/em&gt; River and the landfill and the dam over &lt;em&gt;Bacanga&lt;/em&gt; River, elements that were once limiting the urban configuration of the city of S&amp;atilde;o Lu&amp;iacute;s.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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