Journal article Open Access

THE NATURAL LANDSCAPE AS A DECISIVE FACTOR IN STRUCTURING URBAN AND ARCHITECTURAL THE HISTORICAL CENTER OF SÃO LUÍS, MARANHÃO, BRAZIL

GHIGNATTI, Luísa


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3610752</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>GHIGNATTI, Luísa</creatorName>
      <givenName>Luísa</givenName>
      <familyName>GHIGNATTI</familyName>
      <affiliation>Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>THE NATURAL LANDSCAPE AS A DECISIVE FACTOR IN STRUCTURING URBAN AND ARCHITECTURAL THE HISTORICAL CENTER OF SÃO LUÍS, MARANHÃO, BRAZIL</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>landscape, historic center, São Luís, urbanism</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-01-17</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Journal article</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3610752</alternateIdentifier>
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    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3610751</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/0622</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;This work aims to establish a parallel between the urban built landscape of S&amp;atilde;o Lu&amp;iacute;s historic center in Maranh&amp;atilde;o and the natural environment in which it was inserted. It will seek to analyze the landscape&amp;rsquo;s natural system, the cultural heritage built and the interaction between those elements. During the study, the topography will be emphasized as one of the elements responsible for S&amp;atilde;o Lu&amp;iacute;s historical Center urban network formation and further development and also for the configuration of its architecture which formed new typologies such as the &lt;em&gt;Sobrados&lt;/em&gt;. It is also discussed the infrastructure works relevance that sought to overcome the natural terrain constraints, essential for the functioning of a city whose economy was based on port trade. As a consequence of the city growth, the natural factors imposed the creation of solutions that would support the historical urban fabric expansion such as the bridges over the &lt;em&gt;Anil&lt;/em&gt; River and the landfill and the dam over &lt;em&gt;Bacanga&lt;/em&gt; River, elements that were once limiting the urban configuration of the city of S&amp;atilde;o Lu&amp;iacute;s.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
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