Journal article Open Access

Evaluation of Records of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Cases Reported at Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and Karachi Medical and Dental College, Pakistan

Iqbal, Sana; Ahmed, Sufyan; Ali, Zahid; Kashif, Mehwash; Aslam, Ayesha

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery department is a diverse field in dentistry. Record maintenance has been established as one of the key factors in the success and integrity of health care institutes.

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate   the records of oral and maxillofacial surgery cases reported to oral and maxillofacial surgery department, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and oral surgery OPD of Karachi Medical and Dental College.

Methods: Cross sectional study was conducted in at ASH and KMDC from July 2019 to September 2019. The data from January 2017 to July 2019 was retrospectively noted through electronic surgical record of ASH and records of the Oral Surgery OPD of KMDC. Inclusion criteria was patients records of both genders of 5–70 years age, having complaint of any oral or dental pathology or pathologies, trauma and impactions. Data was calculated manually by calculating frequencies and percentages for the trauma, impaction and pathology cases of patients.

Results: In 2017, 239 cases were treated under general anesthesia from which trauma 11. 45% (n=11), followed by 48. 11% (n=115) cases of oral pathologies, total 11.7% (n=28) cases of complicated exodontias.  In 2018, among 211, 51.1% (n=108) cases were trauma followed by 39.3% (n=83) cases of oral pathologies, whereas, total 9.4% (n=20) complicated exodontias cases were observed. During 2019 (January to July), 168 cases 36.2% (n=62) cases were diagnosed as trauma, in oral pathology, overall 36.2% (n=62) cases were surgically excised. Total 23.2% (n=39) complicated exodontias. In 2017, 25122 cases were reported in Surgery OPD of Karachi Medical and Dental College. Total 36.2% (n=9097) teeth were extracted from which 1.93% (n=486) cases were surgical impaction. On the other hand, 1.65% (n=416) patients were treated through minor oral surgeries. In 2018, 29008 cases were reported in Surgery OPD. Total 42.7% (n=12377) teeth were extracted from which 0.92% (n=268) cases were surgical impaction. On the other hand, 0.71% (n=208) patients were treated through minor surgeries. In 2019, January till July 13028 cases were reported in Surgery OPD. Total 42.6% (n=5559) teeth were extracted from which 0.66% (n=87) cases were surgical impaction. On the other hand, 0.68% (n=89) patients were treated through minor surgeries.

Conclusion: It has been concluded that evaluation of the records of oral and maxillofacial surgery cases reported to oral and maxillofacial surgery department, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and oral surgery OPD of Karachi Medical and Dental College were high and appropriate measures should be taken in order to manage these problems timely and effectively.

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