Journal article Open Access

Criminal Characteristics and Prevention of Drug Smuggling

R.V. Troshchyn

Undoubtedly, the effectiveness of combating drug trafficking crimes, in particular their smuggling, depends on the extent to which current legislation is in line with current realities of life and how it is applied in the judicial practice. It should be noted that the situation with regard to the spread of drug addiction in the country is explained not only by crisis phenomena in different spheres of public life, deterioration of socio-economic and socio-psychological state of a number of population groups, but also by significant shortcomings in the work of customs and law enforcement agencies. bodies, their material, technical, informational and legal support for counteracting drug smuggling.

Despite the urgency and importance of the issue under consideration, no special dissertation studies on the criminal-law characterization of drug smuggling as a crime, as well as its counteraction by domestic scientists, were conducted. Part of the work being investigated has been covered in the work of researchers in the fields of criminal law and criminology, who have, to one degree or another, addressed the issue of criminal liability for drug offenses and counteracting drug trafficking.

The foregoing testifies to the expediency and relevance of the in-depth study of the concept of drug smuggling under domestic and foreign legislation, its social dangers, a deeper study of objective and subjective features, which to some extent will help to increase the effectiveness of counteraction.

Analyze the process of forming criminal and legal counteraction to drug smuggling in the historical and legal aspect. Statements regarding the public danger of drug smuggling for the purpose of disclosure in a modern manner. To carry out comparative legal analysis of the criminal legislation of foreign countries on establishing responsibility for drug smuggling. To carry out a legal analysis of the composition of the crime provided for in Article 305 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. Identify ways to improve the fight against drug smuggling.

The Criminal Code proposes changes: to introduce Article 305 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in a new issue, to make appropriate amendments to Articles 307, 309 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.

The purpose of the study is to address issues related to further improvement of criminal law and criminological measures in the field of combating drug smuggling.

The article is a study of the theoretical and practical problems of counteracting drug smuggling. The most important theoretical conclusions and practical provisions.

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