Journal article Open Access

Problematic Aspects of Migration Policy of European Union on the Example of Germany

К.А. Basha

The article is devoted to the analysis of problematic aspects of the migration policy of the European Union. The author describes this problem using the example of separate country, namely Germany. Germany is one of the most attractive countries for refugees, because of its high standard of living, social insurance system and multiculturalism policy. The author claims that Germany accepted the largest number of refugees among all other EU countries, which led to internal conflicts and necessity for reforming migration policy. The ineffectiveness of the Dublin system, the disagreement between Member States about division of migrants, the dissatisfaction of the population with government and, as a consequence, the rise in popularity of far-right sentiment in Europe, were the main reasons for changing the EU's approach to refugee policy and reforming the entire migration system. From 2015 to 2018, there were attempts by EU Member States to come up with a joint action plan to overcome the negative effects of the migration crisis. The author emphasizes two stages in the reforming of the system. First stage was lasting from April to October 2015 and was connected with first attempts of reforming. It was proposed to introduce a quota system, but not all states agreed with it. Also at the Valletta Migration Summit EU and African leaders signed an agreement on joint migration action, as well as in the framework of the EU-Turkey Action Plan aimed at halting the migration flow to Europe and combating illegal migration. The author says that EU actions within this period can be characterized as responding to current problems and finding possible ways and strategies for solution of the migration crisis. On the second stage decisions were made not so much with the aim of solving current problems, but with the aim of creating a more efficient system of migration legislation on the European level as a whole. During this period EU concluded agreement with Turkey on measures of illegal migrants. In conclusion the author says that the reform of migration policy is going on. The issue of changing the quota system is currently under consideration.

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