Journal article Open Access
A.S. Tuntula, A.N. Bidei
The article deals with innovative understanding of basic properties and specific division of individual sources of anti-criminal information. The essence of such basic properties regarding individual sources of anti-criminal information as their anti-criminal significance, mental capacity, being conscience and age restrictions have been defined. A single age specific division of individual sources of anti-tort information for all types of anti-tort proceeding has been proposed. They are divided in juveniles, adults and aged. The juveniles are divided, in turn, on infants, preschool children, minors and teenagers.
The essence and specific division of witnesses on eye-witnesses, para-eye witnesses, para-witnesses and poly-witnesses, and division of victims on de facto victim, de facto para-victim, de jure victim and de jure victim have been disclosed.
Special attention has been paid to a specific division of the chased persons on a suspect, accused person, defendant, convicted person, acquitted person, accessorial person (when a neutral decision is taken which means that all the opportunities for making an internal belief of the main subject of anti-criminal proceeding about the guilt or innocence of a person without the influence of external factors have been exhausted), para-accessorial person (who has not attained the age of bringing to liability), quasi-accessorial person (mentally defective person or partially insane), and quasi-para-accessorial person (a person who committed a criminal offence not provided for by the Special Part of the Anti-Criminal Code).
The essence and specific division of traces and substances as objective sources of anti-criminal information have been addressed. Attention has been drawn to the essence of such traces as finger prints, diagnostic and situational reflections. Innovative understanding of the essence of objects, items, devices, mechanisms, appliances, and essences as types of substances has been proposed.
The essence and specific division of documents as subjective, objective and mixed sources of anti-criminal information on written documents, photo documents, documentary films, video documents, phonodocument, holograf document, graphic electronic document, electronic document, plastic document, computer document, poly documents and other types of documents which can appear with the development of information technologies have been provided.