Journal article Open Access
G.V. Didkivska, A.Ya. Skakalska
Since the development of human history, the drive for a better life has been a powerful driving force for the development of new territories and the denationalization of different cultures and peoples. Not only did migration reflect the demands of society and the percentage of its perception of the state of the world order, but it also reflected the fundamental shortcomings of the world order system.
International migration is an important way of developing host countries. Therefore, one of the main tasks of European countries is to identify from this large-scale phenomenon the most positive results and to minimize its negative effects.
The spread of migration processes is primarily influenced by current problems of socio-economic development in the world. The authority of migration among the public has been significant for several centuries, but by the end of the twentieth century migration processes were not so self-contained and were not of a sustainable nature, comparing them with the present. At the end of XIX - beginning of XX century, migration became a satellite of industrial society. By the early twentieth century, migration was characterized by "governed" by government orders, and its main manifestations were the conquering methods, in particular, the colonization of territories, the slave trade, and so on. Independent migration of people in space limited the lack of transport facilities.
Today's attempts at state regulation of migration processes do not produce the expected results. Migration policies of the states are characterized by fragmentation of administrative actions, insufficiency of both the resource and the legislative base. In contrast to previous centuries, modern migration is not subject to authoritarian forms of influence, it requires the creation of a system of governance in the form of an independent social institution, able to solve new problems in fundamentally new ways. The rational control over migration processes, creation of preconditions for attracting the necessary human resources and preserving the available potential in Ukraine are the key to increasing its competitiveness at the world level and sustainable economic development.
The article explores the current status of such a multifaceted phenomenon as migration, its main organizational and legal aspects, its impact on the development of both donor states and recipient states, in particular Ukraine. Particular attention is paid to the problem of illegal migration, and therefore ways of preventing and countering this type of migration are offered.