Journal article Open Access

THE GASTRIC DILATATION AND TORSION IN DOGS, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

Elta Hasa; Erinda Lika; Paskal Gjino

Enlargement of the stomach associated with rotation on its mesenteric axis is referred to gastric dilatation-volvulus. Generally gastric dilatation volvulus is an acute condition. The gastric enlargement is thought to be associated with a functional or mechanical gastric outflow obstruction. The initiating cause is unknown: however the stomach dilates, normal physiologic means of removing air are hindered because the esophageal and pyloric portals are obstructed. This study was performed in Petlife Hospital, Kombinat, Tiranë during the period 2013-2014. During this period we have examined 30 cases of dogs with gastric signs like abdominal distention, vomiting, salivation anorexia etc. 20 of them are diagnosed with gastric dilatation and in 8 cases was observed also volvulus. 18 of these dogs were large , deep chested breeds. The light cases of stomach obstruction have been treated by medical way and the problematic life-threatening in the surgical way. The most successful treatment of the GD and GDV pathologies in dogs is the surgical treatment combined with medical treatment.

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