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Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Starčevo (Serbia)

Stefanović, Sofija; Petrović, Bojan; Porčić, Marko; Penezić, Kristina; Pendić, Jugoslav; Dimitrijević, Vesna; Živaljević, Ivana; Vuković, Sonja; Jovanović, Jelena; Kojić, Sanja; Starović, Andrej; Blagojević, Tamara


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>Around 8000 years ago, throughout the Neolithic world a new type of artefact appeared,<br>\nsmall spoons masterly made from cattle bone, usually interpreted as tools, due to their intensive<br>\ntraces of use. Contrary to those interpretations, the small dimensions of spoons and<br>\npresence of intensive traces of use led us to the assumption that they were used for feeding<br>\nbabies. In order to test that assumption we compared 2230 marks on three spoons from the<br>\nNeolithic site of Grad-Star\u010devo in Serbia (5800&minus;5450 cal BC) with 3151 primary teeth marks<br>\nproduced experimentally. This study has shown that some of the marks on spoons were<br>\nmade by primary teeth, which indicate their usage in feeding babies. The production of a<br>\nnew type of artefact to feed babies is probably related to the appearance of a new type of<br>\nweaning food, and the abundance of spoons indicates that new baby gruels became an<br>\nimportant innovation in prehistoric baby-care.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7434-8788", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Stefanovi\u0107, Sofija"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad, Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3575-3921", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Petrovi\u0107, Bojan"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, BioSense Institute Novi Sad", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-8621", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Por\u010di\u0107, Marko"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7640-3269", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Penezi\u0107, Kristina"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Pendi\u0107, Jugoslav"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8121-5457", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Dimitrijevi\u0107, Vesna"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0873-7950", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "\u017divaljevi\u0107, Ivana"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2731-2146", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Vukovi\u0107, Sonja"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6134-8180", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Jovanovi\u0107, Jelena"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4092-9733", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Koji\u0107, Sanja"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "National Museum in Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Starovi\u0107, Andrej"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1993-4714", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Blagojevi\u0107, Tamara"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Star\u010devo (Serbia)", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2019-12-19", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/3591402", 
  "keywords": [
    "Neolithic", 
    "bone spoons", 
    "weaning food", 
    "prehistoric baby-care"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225713", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225713", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Star\u010devo (Serbia)"
}
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