Journal article Open Access

Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Starčevo (Serbia)

Stefanović, Sofija; Petrović, Bojan; Porčić, Marko; Penezić, Kristina; Pendić, Jugoslav; Dimitrijević, Vesna; Živaljević, Ivana; Vuković, Sonja; Jovanović, Jelena; Kojić, Sanja; Starović, Andrej; Blagojević, Tamara


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    "doi": "10.1371/journal.pone.0225713", 
    "description": "<p>Around 8000 years ago, throughout the Neolithic world a new type of artefact appeared,<br>\nsmall spoons masterly made from cattle bone, usually interpreted as tools, due to their intensive<br>\ntraces of use. Contrary to those interpretations, the small dimensions of spoons and<br>\npresence of intensive traces of use led us to the assumption that they were used for feeding<br>\nbabies. In order to test that assumption we compared 2230 marks on three spoons from the<br>\nNeolithic site of Grad-Star\u010devo in Serbia (5800&minus;5450 cal BC) with 3151 primary teeth marks<br>\nproduced experimentally. This study has shown that some of the marks on spoons were<br>\nmade by primary teeth, which indicate their usage in feeding babies. The production of a<br>\nnew type of artefact to feed babies is probably related to the appearance of a new type of<br>\nweaning food, and the abundance of spoons indicates that new baby gruels became an<br>\nimportant innovation in prehistoric baby-care.</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Star\u010devo (Serbia)", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
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      "issue": "2", 
      "title": "PLoS ONE"
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        "title": "Births, mothers and babies: prehistoric fertility in the Balkans between 10000 \u2013 5000 BC", 
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        "program": "H2020", 
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    "keywords": [
      "Neolithic", 
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    "publication_date": "2019-12-19", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0001-7434-8788", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade", 
        "name": "Stefanovi\u0107, Sofija"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-3575-3921", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad, Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
        "name": "Petrovi\u0107, Bojan"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-6697-8621", 
        "affiliation": "Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, BioSense Institute Novi Sad", 
        "name": "Por\u010di\u0107, Marko"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0001-7640-3269", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
        "name": "Penezi\u0107, Kristina"
      }, 
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        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
        "name": "Pendi\u0107, Jugoslav"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0001-8121-5457", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade", 
        "name": "Dimitrijevi\u0107, Vesna"
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        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
        "name": "\u017divaljevi\u0107, Ivana"
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        "affiliation": "Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade", 
        "name": "Vukovi\u0107, Sonja"
      }, 
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        "orcid": "0000-0001-6134-8180", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade", 
        "name": "Jovanovi\u0107, Jelena"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-4092-9733", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
        "name": "Koji\u0107, Sanja"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "National Museum in Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia", 
        "name": "Starovi\u0107, Andrej"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-1993-4714", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, Novi Sad", 
        "name": "Blagojevi\u0107, Tamara"
      }
    ], 
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