Journal article Open Access

Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Starčevo (Serbia)

Stefanović, Sofija; Petrović, Bojan; Porčić, Marko; Penezić, Kristina; Pendić, Jugoslav; Dimitrijević, Vesna; Živaljević, Ivana; Vuković, Sonja; Jovanović, Jelena; Kojić, Sanja; Starović, Andrej; Blagojević, Tamara


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  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/3591402</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Stefanović, Sofija</creatorName>
      <givenName>Sofija</givenName>
      <familyName>Stefanović</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-7434-8788</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Petrović, Bojan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Bojan</givenName>
      <familyName>Petrović</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-3575-3921</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad, Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Porčić, Marko</creatorName>
      <givenName>Marko</givenName>
      <familyName>Porčić</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-6697-8621</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, BioSense Institute Novi Sad</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Penezić, Kristina</creatorName>
      <givenName>Kristina</givenName>
      <familyName>Penezić</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-7640-3269</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Pendić, Jugoslav</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jugoslav</givenName>
      <familyName>Pendić</familyName>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Dimitrijević, Vesna</creatorName>
      <givenName>Vesna</givenName>
      <familyName>Dimitrijević</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-8121-5457</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Živaljević, Ivana</creatorName>
      <givenName>Ivana</givenName>
      <familyName>Živaljević</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-0873-7950</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Vuković, Sonja</creatorName>
      <givenName>Sonja</givenName>
      <familyName>Vuković</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-2731-2146</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Jovanović, Jelena</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jelena</givenName>
      <familyName>Jovanović</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-6134-8180</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, University of Belgrade</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kojić, Sanja</creatorName>
      <givenName>Sanja</givenName>
      <familyName>Kojić</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-4092-9733</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Starović, Andrej</creatorName>
      <givenName>Andrej</givenName>
      <familyName>Starović</familyName>
      <affiliation>National Museum in Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Blagojević, Tamara</creatorName>
      <givenName>Tamara</givenName>
      <familyName>Blagojević</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-1993-4714</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, Novi Sad</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Starčevo (Serbia)</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2019</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Neolithic</subject>
    <subject>bone spoons</subject>
    <subject>weaning food</subject>
    <subject>prehistoric baby-care</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2019-12-19</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Journal article</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3591402</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1371/journal.pone.0225713</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/biosense_institute</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Around 8000 years ago, throughout the Neolithic world a new type of artefact appeared,&lt;br&gt;
small spoons masterly made from cattle bone, usually interpreted as tools, due to their intensive&lt;br&gt;
traces of use. Contrary to those interpretations, the small dimensions of spoons and&lt;br&gt;
presence of intensive traces of use led us to the assumption that they were used for feeding&lt;br&gt;
babies. In order to test that assumption we compared 2230 marks on three spoons from the&lt;br&gt;
Neolithic site of Grad-Starčevo in Serbia (5800&amp;minus;5450 cal BC) with 3151 primary teeth marks&lt;br&gt;
produced experimentally. This study has shown that some of the marks on spoons were&lt;br&gt;
made by primary teeth, which indicate their usage in feeding babies. The production of a&lt;br&gt;
new type of artefact to feed babies is probably related to the appearance of a new type of&lt;br&gt;
weaning food, and the abundance of spoons indicates that new baby gruels became an&lt;br&gt;
important innovation in prehistoric baby-care.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/640557/">640557</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Births, mothers and babies: prehistoric fertility in the Balkans between 10000 – 5000 BC</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
</resource>
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