Journal article Open Access

Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Starčevo (Serbia)

Stefanović, Sofija; Petrović, Bojan; Porčić, Marko; Penezić, Kristina; Pendić, Jugoslav; Dimitrijević, Vesna; Živaljević, Ivana; Vuković, Sonja; Jovanović, Jelena; Kojić, Sanja; Starović, Andrej; Blagojević, Tamara


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{
  "DOI": "10.1371/journal.pone.0225713", 
  "container_title": "PLoS ONE", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Bone spoons for prehistoric babies: Detection of human teeth marks on the Neolithic artefacts from the site Grad-Star\u010devo (Serbia)", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2019, 
        12, 
        19
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>Around 8000 years ago, throughout the Neolithic world a new type of artefact appeared,<br>\nsmall spoons masterly made from cattle bone, usually interpreted as tools, due to their intensive<br>\ntraces of use. Contrary to those interpretations, the small dimensions of spoons and<br>\npresence of intensive traces of use led us to the assumption that they were used for feeding<br>\nbabies. In order to test that assumption we compared 2230 marks on three spoons from the<br>\nNeolithic site of Grad-Star\u010devo in Serbia (5800&minus;5450 cal BC) with 3151 primary teeth marks<br>\nproduced experimentally. This study has shown that some of the marks on spoons were<br>\nmade by primary teeth, which indicate their usage in feeding babies. The production of a<br>\nnew type of artefact to feed babies is probably related to the appearance of a new type of<br>\nweaning food, and the abundance of spoons indicates that new baby gruels became an<br>\nimportant innovation in prehistoric baby-care.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Stefanovi\u0107, Sofija"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Petrovi\u0107, Bojan"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Por\u010di\u0107, Marko"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Penezi\u0107, Kristina"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Pendi\u0107, Jugoslav"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Dimitrijevi\u0107, Vesna"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "\u017divaljevi\u0107, Ivana"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Vukovi\u0107, Sonja"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Jovanovi\u0107, Jelena"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Koji\u0107, Sanja"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Starovi\u0107, Andrej"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Blagojevi\u0107, Tamara"
    }
  ], 
  "volume": "14", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "issue": "2", 
  "id": "3591402"
}
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