Journal article Open Access

The Choice of Career and the Self-efficacy with Bulgarian Students

Mayiana Mitevska; Sonya Karabeliova

The concept of the study is based on the integral nature of the problem taking into account, the joint influence of personality characteristics with career choices and self-efficacy in secondary students and university students. To test the hypotheses, a diagnostic tool for exploring the features of the person known as the Big Five was used, as well as a tool for studying career choices and self-efficacy, adapted by S. Karabeliev. The survey covers the period from 2016 to 2018. The respondents are 592 university students and late-teenage students. The data are processed with SPSS – 21. According to the results obtained, the career paths in the students in Bulgaria are the aspirations for work, mostly related to people and ideas. The strongest is the orientation towards the artistic, social and research type, and the least realistic is the practical one. Differences in the scores of individual types in the hexagonal model of career aspirations are recorded, with the structure of the career profiles being an incorrect hexagon in both studied groups – secondary students and university students. The following trends have been identified in the study of variations in career preferences on the individual dimensions. Relatively more stable is the conventional type, as it differentiates significantly from gender, age, and group of surveyed respondents. The research and social type are relatively the most varied.

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