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# Philosophy Unscrambles Dark Matter

Rafique, Khuram

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<identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3557000</identifier>
<creators>
<creator>
<creatorName>Rafique, Khuram</creatorName>
<givenName>Khuram</givenName>
<familyName>Rafique</familyName>
<affiliation>Realism &amp; Physics</affiliation>
</creator>
</creators>
<titles>
<title>Philosophy Unscrambles Dark Matter</title>
</titles>
<publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
<publicationYear>2019</publicationYear>
<subjects>
<subject>Dark Matter</subject>
<subject>Alternative to Dark Matter</subject>
<subject>Distance</subject>
<subject>Kepler</subject>
<subject>Newton</subject>
<subject>Farthest Galaxies</subject>
<subject>Galactic Rotation</subject>
<subject>Commonsense</subject>
<subject>Shell Theorem</subject>
<subject>Theoretical Physics</subject>
<subject>Theorem XXXIII</subject>
<subject>Hypergeometric Universe</subject>
<subject>Tamara M. Davis</subject>
<subject>Spiral Structure of Galaxies</subject>
<subject>Angular distance</subject>
<subject>Luminosity of Galaxies</subject>
<subject>Dwarf Galaxies</subject>
<subject>James Webb Space Telescope</subject>
<subject>MOND</subject>
<subject>Dark Matter Criticism</subject>
<subject>Counterintuitive Physics</subject>
<subject>Clusters of Galaxies</subject>
<subject>Gravitational Lensing</subject>
<subject>Bullet Cluster</subject>
<subject>Dark Matter Ring</subject>
<subject>CMB</subject>
<subject>CMBR</subject>
<subject>Structure Formation</subject>
</subjects>
<dates>
<date dateType="Issued">2019-09-24</date>
</dates>
<resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Book</resourceType>
<alternateIdentifiers>
<alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3557000</alternateIdentifier>
</alternateIdentifiers>
<relatedIdentifiers>
<relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3550048</relatedIdentifier>
<relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/research-books</relatedIdentifier>
</relatedIdentifiers>
<rightsList>
<rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
</rightsList>
<descriptions>
<description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Dark Matter was not matter at all. It was a theoretical brainteaser that finally philosophy had to unscramble. Scientists of today do not like this idea but philosophy is capable to deal with theoretical conundrums like dark matter. First chapter which is like a combat between mathematical counterintuitive physics and human commonsense, explains that human commonsense equipped with proper philosophical approach is capable to deal with the problem of dark matter. After making a case for philosophical method, this book then challenges the fundamental convictions of the established Cosmology and explains that even many visible galaxies are located at (light travel) distance of many hundred billion light years. There is no dark matter in any of the so-called &amp;#39;proofs&amp;#39; of the existence of dark matter and MOND is also an engineered and artificial solution. This book has solved Galactic Rotation problem using Newton&amp;#39;s theory and have shown that available theory was capable to explain the flat rotation curves of galaxies without necessitating the existence of dark matter. Thus theory itself is not challenged, blamed or modified. However understanding of scientists of their so-called counterintuitive theories is blamed. For example, to deal with the Galactic Rotation problem, the relevant part of Newton&amp;#39;s Principia Mathematica was Proposition LXXIII, Theorem XXXIII. Whereas to deal with this problem, scientists had wrongfully applied Proposition LXXI, Theorem XXXI. Obviously, inaccurate application of available theory resulted in a fake problem and dark matter only served as a ghost solution to that bogus problem. Not only the Galactic Rotation, other so-called indicators of Dark Matter like Cluster Dynamics, Gravitational Lensing, Bullet Cluster, Dark Matter Ring, Fluctuations in CMB Temperature and Structures Formation etc. also have been explained without requiring the need for Dark Matter. Overall this book has presented a strong case of the failure of counterintuitive regime of established Cosmology and Physics.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
</descriptions>
</resource>

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