Journal article Open Access
D.I. Kucherenko, S.Ye. Kopylenko
The article deals with the provisions of the current environmental legislation of Ukraine regarding the implementation of the rules on environmental protection of the European Union to the legislation of Ukraine. The issue of critical ecological situation in the world is identified, which means the importance of harmonization of international and national mechanisms of compliance with the requirements of international treaties on environmental protection. An exemplary example of European Union environmental legislation, its goals of functioning and integration in this field, the introduction of the latest technologies, and the division of competences between the institutes are investigated. The actual provisions of the national legislation on state environmental policy, under which the implementation of the European environmental norms and standards in accordance with the provisions on integration into the European Union, are outlined. The importance of the Association Agreement in the implementation of the rules on environmental protection of the European Union in the legislation of Ukraine is analyzed, the importance of establishing relations with the EU is stated. The opinions of Ukrainian jurists on the measures of harmonization of the environmental legislation of Ukraine with the European requirements were used, own conclusions were made on this issue, ways of improvement of national legislation were proposed. Opinions on bringing the Ukrainian system of taxes and penalties in the environmental field to EU standards are envisaged. It is specified in what spheres the implementation of norms on legal protection of the environment of the European Union in the legislation of Ukraine is necessary. Comparatively the legislative component of Ukraine with the European one, as well as the shortcomings of the structure of Ukrainian legislation. The importance of Ukraine's cooperation with the European Union in the field of environmental policy and the need for immediate adaptation of Ukrainian environmental legislation to the norms of the European Union are foreseen. It was concluded that at the national level it is necessary to initiate new forms of cooperation with the EU, and it is proposed to amend certain normative legal acts of Ukraine in accordance with European norms.