Journal article Open Access
The high level of latency of these criminal offences is due to several factors: first, the fact that children quickly adapt to the conditions of exploitation, perceive them as belonging, rarely resist and do not seek assistance from law enforcement agencies or the public. Secondly, victims often do not have the opportunity to give full and objective testimony about the actions of criminals due to their development (pre-school children, infants) third, the transfer of a child for exploitation is usually of an externally legal nature.
The main task at the stage of verification of information about the crime is to identify the child and/or persons engaged in it, the place of residence of the child at the time of the commission of the crime and thereafter, who handed over and received the child for exploitation, what the exploitation and its consequences were, who and in what amount benefited from the conclusion of the illegal agreement concerning the child.
The end of pre-trial investigation of crimes related to trafficking in persons consists in the decision of the authorized person to stop further pre-trial investigation of criminal proceedings, when all its tasks and purpose have been solved and no further investigation is necessary (Search) or other procedural actions aimed at collecting, fixing, checking, research, that is, all necessary evidence for making a final decision, collected, verified, investigated and properly evaluated.
If there are grounds for bringing a person to criminal responsibility and there are no grounds for closing criminal proceedings, pre-trial investigation of crimes related to trafficking in persons ends with an indictment. The indictment is drawn up by the investigator and then forwarded to the prosecutor for confirmation. An indictment may be drawn up by the prosecutor, including in cases where he or she does not accept the indictment drawn up by the investigator.