Journal article Open Access

Patient as a Party of Healthcare Legal Relations: Separate Problems

K.V. Moskalenko

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    <subfield code="a">medical law, patient, consumer, medical experiment, medical assistance, medical service.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Every natural person becomes a patient in case he/she needs to address for medical aid and creation of due legal framework on the legal status of the patient is the necessary precondition of effective healthcare system in every state. The notion &amp;ldquo;Patient&amp;rdquo; is mentioned in few Ukrainian legislative acts while the special acts dedicated to regulation of the patient`s legal status have not been adopted yet. Given the mentioned, conduction of research on the legal status of the patients is on demand. The patients` rights, their protection and defence form popular directions of scientific research, however some questions are still left without unique answers in the doctrine and legal practice, i.e.: legal status of the persons who are subject to medical experiments, the possibility of recognition of the patients as consumers and a number of other questions.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The aim of this article is to analyse the possibility of improvement of the legislative definition of the notion &amp;ldquo;patient&amp;rdquo; and define whether the patient is the consumer in accordance with the Law of Ukraine &amp;ldquo;On Protection of Consumer`s Rights&amp;rdquo;.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Conducted analysis of the current Ukrainian legislation, court practice and legal doctrine has allowed to come to conclusion that a natural person, receiving the service on medical care of the population (medical service), which is connected with medical assistance, shall not be recognized a patient in accordance with the Foundations of the Legislation of Ukraine on Healthcare. The author of the article has formulated her own definition of the notion &amp;ldquo;Patient&amp;rdquo;. In opinion of the author, patients shall be recognized as the consumers pursuant to the Law of Ukraine &amp;ldquo;On Protection of Consumers` Rights&amp;rdquo; and shall be granted with all the rights of the consumers, foreseen by this law.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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