Journal article Open Access
Yu.D. Tkach, O.V. Rudenko
The article proves innovative understanding of basic tasks and objects of jurisprudence as well as basic directions of legal activity. The article proposes new idea on the essence of the mechanism for transfer of powers from electors to the President of the state and other authorities as well as solutions to various problems in the area of the exercise of state power.
It has been underlined that the basic tasks of jurisprudence are development and implementation of the most effective, rational and qualitative legal regulation of social life and prevention of violations of such legal regulation.
Within innovative understanding of the essence of the mechanism for transfer of powers from the voters to the authorities special attention has been drawn to the existence of general state, regional and local direct democracy (direct power of voters), poli-representative democracy (poli-secondary power which means collective governmental agencies such as parliament, regional and local representative administrations), mono-representative democracy (mono-secondary power which means the election of one-man governmental agency like the president, governor, etc.) and delegated democracy (tertiary power vested to other authorities through the parliament and the president.)
Other forms of public will expression are not democratic because they are not all-inclusive and/or cannot ensure the confidentiality of the will expression like meetings, marches, veche, polls, registration on the websites, submission of petitions, general meeting of the entity with open voting, etc. These are forms of expression of position which should be implemented out of the governmental agencies.