Journal article Open Access

Socio-Economic Variables Influences on Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science in Secondary Schools in Emohua LGA of Rivers State, Nigeria

ThankGod Peter Ojimba; Amarachi Emmanuel; Tamunodikipiri Obuchiebo; Constance Wilson Eneyo


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    <subfield code="a">Keywords: Socio-economic status, influence, students' academic performance, agricultural science, secondary schools, Likert analysis, ANOVA, Emohua LGA, Rivers state, Nigeria</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Vocational &amp; Technical Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Rivers State,  Nigeria.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;The study focused on socio-economic variables influences on student academic performance in agricultural science in secondary schools in Emohua LGA of Rivers State Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to sample 300 students&amp;rsquo; respondents through structured questionnaires and personal interviews. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics such as likert scale and one-way ANOVA. The results showed that few students 71.7% walked about 2 km distances to school, the large number of children in the family (87%) made it difficult for parents to be able to pay the fees of students as at when due making the students to be sent back home and/or punished which leads to outright failure in the class including agricultural science as a subject. The study also accepted the alternative hypothesis that socio-economic variables influenced the academic performance of the students using four point likert scale analysis. The results also showed that family income with a mean of (3.03), parent economic status (2.95), parents&amp;rsquo; poverty level (3.57) and lack of social amenities (2.65) were significant factors that influenced the students in agricultural science. The study further found out that parents&amp;rsquo; poverty level influenced the academic performance of students&amp;rsquo; in agricultural science at 5% level of significance using one-way ANOVA. Therefore, the academic performance of secondary school students in agricultural science is influenced by socio-economic variables such as family income, parents&amp;rsquo; poverty level, lack of social amenities, large number of children in the household, trekking long distances to school, etc. in Emohua LGA of Rivers State.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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