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Catalog of 2,330 lithium-rich giant stars

Casey, Andrew R.


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{
  "description": "<p>Theoretical models of stellar evolution predict that most of the lithium inside a star is destroyed as the star becomes a red giant. However, observations reveal that about 1% of red giants are peculiarly rich in lithium, often exceeding the amount in the interstellar medium or predicted from the Big Bang. With only about 150 lithium-rich giants discovered in the past four decades, and no distinguishing properties other than lithium enhancement, the origin of lithium-rich giant stars is one of the oldest problems in stellar astrophysics. Here we report the discovery of 2,330 low-mass (1 to 3$\\,M_\\odot$) lithium-rich giant stars, which we argue are consistent with internal lithium production that is driven by tidal spin-up by a binary companion. Our sample reveals that most lithium-rich giants have helium-burning cores ($80^{+7}_{-6}\\%$), and that the frequency of lithium-rich giants rises with increasing stellar metallicity. We find that while planet accretion may explain some lithium-rich giants, it cannot account for the majority that have helium-burning cores. We rule out most other proposed explanations as the primary mechanism for lithium-rich giants, including all stages related to single star evolution. Our analysis shows that giants remain lithium-rich for only about two million years. A prediction from this lithium depletion timescale is that most lithium-rich giants with a helium-burning core have a binary companion.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Monash University", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Casey, Andrew R."
    }
  ], 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/3515777", 
  "datePublished": "2019-10-22", 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "distribution": [
    {
      "contentUrl": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/76bca889-004e-4e68-96c3-7a38dd0ce431/the-battery-stars.rc.fits", 
      "encodingFormat": "fits", 
      "@type": "DataDownload"
    }
  ], 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3515777", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3515777", 
  "@type": "Dataset", 
  "name": "Catalog of 2,330 lithium-rich giant stars"
}
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