Project deliverable Open Access
Landini, Alberto; Zerbi, Tommaso; Morrissey, John; Axon, Stepehen
WP2 aims to undertake an extensive characterisation of the European energy system. Following the actors and actor-networks analysis realised during Task 2.1, the work performed during Task 2.2 represents a further step towards the complete energy system characterisation, as it provides a detailed overview on the technological forces currently driving it.
D2.2 focuses on the technical /technological elements of the Energy Socio-Technical regime, to contribute significant and robust evidence on what constitutes a regime. In order to do this, a supply chain perspective was adopted. The rich literature on the topic was reviewed and synthesised, and on this basis it was deemed most appropriate to apply a Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) approach in order to assess and characterise the energy supply chain. A best practice methodology for defining and applying KPIs was pursued; for this reason, an extensive review of the academic literature in this area was conducted and is presented in this deliverable. From this review, a means of identifying KPIs to characterise the Energy Supply Chain was developed, synthesising insights from state of the art knowledge on this. Developed KPIs represent a comprehensive and innovative means of characterising the Energy Supply Chain according to a myriad of multi-dimensional criteria; typically supply chains are characterised only in narrow or single dimensional ways. Through these steps, evidence on the technological elements of the Energy Supply Chain is produced, enabling a fuller understanding of this aspect of the energy regime, and presenting a critical part of the case-book through which the Energy Socio-technical regime will be defined in ENTRUST.
In order to present the technological review in a clear and structured way, the complex and interconnected structure of the energy supply chain was divided into its 4 main stages, (i.e. Production, Transportation & Distribution, Storage, and End User). For each stage, an introductory description of the current situation at European level is provided, in order to give the reader a contextual view of the discussed topic. Then, the main technical solution currently implemented are detailed, describing their functionalities, fields of implementation and other critical aspects such as, for example, environmental impact.
The information provided during those sections is then completed through the KPIs tables, which provide a clear comparison between the analysed technologies on a multiple level. Consistency through all the deliverable is guaranteed thanks to the definition of specific themes for the KPIs, which have been used as guidelines for all the evaluation tables. In order to better address each stage of the supply chain and each energy type particularities, though, a specific set of KPIs was defined for each considered group of technologies.
The technological review provided in this deliverable D2.2, together with the specific KPIs evaluation proposed at the end of each section, gives a clear understanding of the current technological forces driving the European energy system and as such is further contribution to the multi-disciplinary characterisation approach taken in WP2 of the ENTRUST project.
D2.2_Energy System Technological Review_release v2.pdf