Journal article Open Access

Legal Principles of the State Control over the Economic Entities Activity in the Sphere of Transport in the Context of European Integration of Ukraine

S.Kh. Barehamian

The hierarchical construction of normative legal acts that establish the principles of state control over the activity of economic entities in the sphere of transport is investigated. The main regulation of the exercise of state control over the activity of economic entities in the sphere of transport is carried out by subordinate legal acts, in particular, resolutions of the Government of Ukraine. The large number of legal acts leads to the necessity of their systematization in order to eliminate contradictions, duplication of similar norms in separate sources, as well as to provide a clear form.

The experience of the controlling bodies in respect of compliance with the requirements and norms of the transport legislation of the EU and CIS countries is considered. The period of formation and economic development of the transport business implies the existence of a developed and effective system of multilateral state regulation and control of transport activity. The main activity of EU and CIS supervisory authorities is to carry out transport controls. It has been established that investment programs are being actively implemented in the EU Member States to modernize transport and infrastructure through their “greening” in order to eliminate the negative impact on the environment; the preservation of road surface and roadside objects. The EU’s achievements in the field of improving transport systems are opening up new requirements for the environmentally-friendly transformation and privatization of Ukraine’s transport complex. On the path of integration of the transport complex with the European one, Ukraine should strive to achieve high economic and environmental efficiency of the functioning of transport systems. It is noted that the majority of European organizations have been successful in greening transport through interaction with businesses and organizations at different levels. The experience of greening Sweden's logistics companies is one of the most useful ones, where one of the most common environmental practices is green logistics and eco-driving. Effective solution of the problem of greening transport in Ukraine depends to a large extent on a clear state strategy and interaction of local authorities with enterprises and organizations.

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