Conference paper Open Access

Operating Permissioned Blockchain in Clouds: A Performance Study of Hyperledger Sawtooth

Shi, Zeshun; Zhou, Huan; Hu, Yang; Surbiryala, Jayachander; de Laat, Cees; Zhao, Zhiming


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  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/3466686</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Shi, Zeshun</creatorName>
      <givenName>Zeshun</givenName>
      <familyName>Shi</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Amsterdam</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Zhou, Huan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Huan</givenName>
      <familyName>Zhou</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Amsterdam</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Hu, Yang</creatorName>
      <givenName>Yang</givenName>
      <familyName>Hu</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Amsterdam</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Surbiryala, Jayachander</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jayachander</givenName>
      <familyName>Surbiryala</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Stavanger</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>de Laat, Cees</creatorName>
      <givenName>Cees</givenName>
      <familyName>de Laat</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Amsterdam</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Zhao, Zhiming</creatorName>
      <givenName>Zhiming</givenName>
      <familyName>Zhao</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-6717-9418</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>University of Amsterdam</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Operating Permissioned Blockchain in Clouds: A Performance Study of Hyperledger Sawtooth</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2019</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Permissioned Blockchain</subject>
    <subject>Hyperledger Sawtooth</subject>
    <subject>Cloud</subject>
    <subject>Performance Study</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2019-06-03</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Conference paper</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3466686</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1109/ISPDC.2019.00010</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <version>Camera ready</version>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;With ever more IoT (Internet of Things) and big&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;data applications, the emerging blockchain techniques provide&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;fundamental supports to credibly track the transactions of&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;digital assets. Public blockchains, e.g., bitcoin, are often energyconsuming&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;and low efficient. Therefore, an empirical study of&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;operating permissioned blockchains in clouds is urgently needed.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;In this paper, we study the performance of Sawtooth, a wellknown&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;permissioned blockchain platforms from Hyperledger, in&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;cloud environments. Our results provide insights for blockchain&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;operators to optimize the performance of Sawtooth through&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;adjusting the two configuration parameters, i.e., Scheduler and&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Maximum Batches Per Block. Our approach can be used to test&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;other blockchain platforms.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/654182/">654182</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Environmental Research Infrastructures Providing Shared Solutions for Science and Society</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/825134/">825134</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>smART socIal media eCOsytstem in a blockchaiN Federated environment</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/824068/">824068</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>ENVironmental Research Infrastructures building Fair services Accessible for society, Innovation and Research</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
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