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Some interesting observations on the parasitisation of Danaus chrysippus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) by Sturmia convergens (Diptera: Tachinidae) from West Bengal, India

Moumita Bhowmik; Rajmohana K.; Sunita P.


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    <subfield code="u">Department of Zoology, Serampore College, 8, William Carey Sarani, Maniktala, Serampore, West Bengal- 712201, India.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Some interesting observations on the parasitisation of Danaus chrysippus  (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) by Sturmia convergens (Diptera: Tachinidae) from West Bengal, India</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;The tachinid fly, &lt;em&gt;S. convergens&lt;/em&gt; (Wiedemann,1824) is one of the most important parasitoids, causing heavy mortality in &lt;em&gt;D. chrysippus&lt;/em&gt;&lt;em&gt; &lt;/em&gt;(Linneaus, 1758). The present work documents for the first time, the gregarious behavior of &lt;em&gt;S. convergens&lt;/em&gt; in the host larvae. The parasitoid can very well complete its development within the larval stage of the host. A single host larva is capable of provisioning the full development of up to 8 larvae of &lt;em&gt;S. convergens&lt;/em&gt;&lt;em&gt;.&lt;/em&gt; The study also reports them as true larval and larval-pupal parasitoids of &lt;em&gt;D. chrysippus &lt;/em&gt;on &lt;em&gt;Calotropis gigantea&lt;/em&gt;&lt;em&gt; &lt;/em&gt;(Linneaus) Dryand, 1811&lt;em&gt;.&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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