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Outdoor detection and visualization of hailstorm damages of photovoltaic plants

Muehleisen, Wolfgang; Eder, Gabriele C.; Voronko, Yuliya; Spielberger, Markus; Sonnleitner, Horst; Knöbl, Karl; Ebner, Rita; Ujvari, Gusztav; Hirschl, Christina


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3460499</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Muehleisen, Wolfgang</creatorName>
      <givenName>Wolfgang</givenName>
      <familyName>Muehleisen</familyName>
      <affiliation>Carinthian Tech Research AG</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Eder, Gabriele C.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Gabriele C.</givenName>
      <familyName>Eder</familyName>
      <affiliation>OFI Austrian Research Institute for Chemistry and Technology</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Voronko, Yuliya</creatorName>
      <givenName>Yuliya</givenName>
      <familyName>Voronko</familyName>
      <affiliation>OFI Austrian Research Institute for Chemistry and Technology</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Spielberger, Markus</creatorName>
      <givenName>Markus</givenName>
      <familyName>Spielberger</familyName>
      <affiliation>PVSV e.U.</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Sonnleitner, Horst</creatorName>
      <givenName>Horst</givenName>
      <familyName>Sonnleitner</familyName>
      <affiliation>ENcome Energy Performance GmbH</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Knöbl, Karl</creatorName>
      <givenName>Karl</givenName>
      <familyName>Knöbl</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Applied Sciences Technikum Vienna</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Ebner, Rita</creatorName>
      <givenName>Rita</givenName>
      <familyName>Ebner</familyName>
      <affiliation>AIT Austrian Institute of Technology</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Ujvari, Gusztav</creatorName>
      <givenName>Gusztav</givenName>
      <familyName>Ujvari</familyName>
      <affiliation>AIT Austrian Institute of Technology</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Hirschl, Christina</creatorName>
      <givenName>Christina</givenName>
      <familyName>Hirschl</familyName>
      <affiliation>CTR Carinthian Tech Research AG</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Outdoor detection and visualization of hailstorm damages of photovoltaic plants</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2017</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Crystalline Silicon</subject>
    <subject>PV Modules</subject>
    <subject>Hail Damage</subject>
    <subject>Characterisation</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2017-11-08</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3460499</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3460498</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/fhtw</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Photovoltaic modules can experience damages of varying severity in the case of heavy hail storms. In the&amp;nbsp;worst case, complete&amp;nbsp; glass and solar cell breakage results in efficiency and security losses of the affected&amp;nbsp;modules which therefore have to be replaced. However, there is a strong need to inspect the remaining&amp;nbsp;modules directly in the field in order to assure no hidden damage. Three&amp;nbsp; hail-affected photovoltaic plants&amp;nbsp;in the south of Austria were investigated first with common standard methods like analysis of the&amp;nbsp; plant&amp;nbsp;monitoring data and thermography. Then, these plants were additionally investigated by novel nondestructive&amp;nbsp;methods. With&amp;nbsp; the aid of two innovative characterisation tools, outdoor electroluminescence&amp;nbsp;and UV-fluorescence imaging, hail-induced damaging&amp;nbsp; of solar cells can be detected even when the&amp;nbsp;solar glass of the modules withstood the mechanical impact of the hailstorm and no&amp;nbsp; damages are visible&amp;nbsp;to the naked eye or well recognizable by thermography. The non-destructive, easy to handle and fast&amp;nbsp;characterization technique UV-fluorescence imaging allows the detection and visualisation of hail&amp;nbsp;induced cell damage.&amp;nbsp; Modules&amp;nbsp;showing partial cell breakage and/or micro cracks e as proven by outdoor&amp;nbsp;electroluminescence measurements e and lead&amp;nbsp; to a reduced electrical performance can be unequivocally&amp;nbsp;identified.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
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