Journal article Open Access

Framing Terrorists in Canada: A Comparative Analysis of Two Shootings

Carver , Ashley; Harrie, Conor

Editor(s)
Jaishankar, K

Framing of criminal violence has taken on a particular and troubling trajectory with regard to terrorism. Despite the lack of a universal academic definition of terrorism, both the news media and political leaders regularly frame certain violent offences as terrorism while excluding other similar events. This work will use two similar Canadian incidents of violent crime to explore how one was framed as terrorism, while the other was not. In doing so, this work will demonstrate how this distinction is often based on subjective and troubling judgements by those in a position to directly benefit from the use of the label of terrorism.          

Files (262.9 kB)
Name Size
Carver&Harrieijcjs2017vol12issu1.pdf md5:8b9711cf1ce5aea53ac35c45a84d44e2 262.9 kB Download
  • Altheide, D. (2006). Terrorism and the Politics of Fear. Cultural Studies - Critical Methodologies, 6(4), 415-439. Altheide, D. (2007). The mass media and terrorism. Discourse & Communication, 1(3), 287-308. Altheide, D. L. (2009). Terror post 9/11 and the media. New York: Peter Lang. Government of Canada, 2001. Anti-Terrorism Act: Bill C-36. Ottawa, ON: Government of Canada. Beck, U. (2002). The Terrorist Threat: World Risk Society Revisited. Theory, Culture and Society, 19(4), 39-55. Bell, S. (2014, October 26). Canada's counter-terror successes prove to be fleeting: 'It seems like ISIS has been awakened the zombies'. National Post. Bell, S. (2014, October 26). Michael Zehaf-Bibeau made video that suggests Ottawa shooting driven by 'ideological, political motives': RCMP. National Post. Brean, J. (2014, June 5). Moncton shooting accused may be a classic 'pseudo-commando' with anti-government Freeman ideology. National Post. Brean, J. (2014, June 6). Justin Bourque's alienation nurtured in the cold confines of social media. National Post. Brown, K. (2011). Muriel's wedding: News media representations of Europe's first female suicide terrorist. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 14(6), 705-726. Chase, S. (2014, October 24). Tory caucus on guard. The Globe and Mail, p. A12. Dunn, E. W., Moore, M., & Nosek, B. A. (2005). The war of the words: How linguistic differences in reporting shape perceptions of terrorism. Analyses of Social Issues & Public Policy, 5(1), 67-86. doi:10.1111/j.1530-2415.2005.00056.x. Entman, R. M. (1989). How the Media Affect What People Think: An Information Processing Approach. The Journal of Politics, 51(2), 347. Freeze, C., & Carlson, K. (2014, October 24). The Response; RCMP chief seeks new tools to deal with extremist threats. The Globe and Mail, p. A1. Fried, A. (2005). Terrorism as a Context of Coverage before the Iraq War. Harvard International Journal of Press/politics, 10(3), 125-132. Humphreys, A. (2014, October 25). Digital seduction of jihad: Social media delivering militants' message and driving recruitment. National Post. Kabir, S. N., & Bourk, M. (2012). Representing Islam and Muslims in New Zealand Newspapers. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 32, 3. Mahony, I. (2010). Diverging frames: A comparison of Indonesian and Australian press portrayals of terrorism and Islamic groups in Indonesia. International Communication Gazette, 72(8), 739-758. Matthews, J. (2013). News narratives of terrorism: Assessing source diversity and source use in UK news coverage of alleged Islamist plots. Media, War & Conflict, 6(3), 295-310. Nacos, B. L. (2002). Mass-mediated terrorism: The central role of the media in terrorism and counterterrorism. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield. Nellis A. M., Savage, J. (2012). Does watching the news affect fear of terrorism? The importance of media exposure on terrorism fear. Crime and Delinquency, 58(5), 748-768. Norris, P., Kern, M., & Just, M. R. (2003). Framing terrorism: The news media, the government, and the public. New York: Routledge. O'Kane, J., & Carlson, K. (2014, June 9). Mourning and Healing / Investigation; Police make plea for photos, videos depicting the shootings; Moncton / As investigators continue to search for evidence in last week's slaying of three RCMP officers, including at the home of suspect Justin Bourque, the city comes together in an effort to regain some semblance of normalcy. The Globe and Mail, p. A1. Ryan, M. (2004). Framing the War against Terrorism: US Newspaper Editorials and Military Action in Afghanistan. International Communication Gazette, 66(5), 363-382. Scheufele, D. A. (1999). Framing as a Theory of Media Effects. Journal of Communication, 49(1), 103-22. Vultee, F. (2006). "Fatwa on the bunny". Journal of Communication Inquiry, 30(4), 319-336. Woods, J. (2007). What we talk about when we talk about terrorism: Elite press coverage of terrorism risk from 1997 to 2005. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 12(3). Yarchi, M., Wolfsfeld, G., Sheafer, T., & Shenhav, S. R. (2013). Promoting stories about terrorism to the international news media: A study of public diplomacy. Media, War & Conflict, 6, 3, 263-278.

Share

Cite as