Journal article Open Access

Community Policing in Nigeria: A Critical Analysis of Current Developments

Ordu, Gilbert Enyidah-Okey; Nnam, Macpherson U

Jaishankar, K

This article critically examines the current developments in community policing in Nigeria. Community policing is a strong partnership, collaborative efforts of police and members of the public with a view to protecting lives and property at the neighbourhood level. With effective community policing in place, public safety is guaranteed. It increases public awareness that victims and their offenders are community members, and that police are both community members and State agents of social control, who are concerned about crime prevention and control in society where they are also members. This policing approach helps police to identify, analyse and incisively address societal problems with full supports of community members. Police-community partnership, police-community information sharing, and police involvement in community affairs as salient programmes/strategies for effective community policing equally obtain in Nigeria. However, challenges such as bribery and corruption, human rights abuse, public loss of trust/confidence, meddlesome attitudes of political godfathers in police-community affairs, lack of visionary schemes, and unnecessary use of coercion and threats to enforce public compliance with rules, have frustrated every effort to improve and stabilise police-public co-operation which is a precondition for effective community policing. It is therefore high time the Nigeria police and local residents began to imbibe the culture of rectitude, social justice, and total conscience-overhauling so as to reach an understanding and maintain mutual support necessary for proactive community policing in the country.        

Files (265.3 kB)
Name Size
265.3 kB Download
  • Adebayo, P. F. & Ojo, O. E. (2009). The challenges of effective policing as measure of controlling the phenomenon of police corruption in Nigeria today. International Non-governmental Organisation Journal, 4(3), 070-075. Akuul, T. (2011). The role of the Nigeria police force in maintaining peace and security in Nigeria. Journal of Social Science and Public Policy, 3, 16-23. Alemika, E. E. O. & Chukwuma, I. C. (2000). Analysis of police and policing in Nigeria. Lagos: Center for Law Enforcement Education and National Human Rights Commission. Alemika, E. E. (1988). Policing and perceptions of police in Nigeria. Police Studies 11(4), 161-176. Alemika, E. E. O. (1999). Police community relations in Nigeria: What went wrong? Paper presented at the seminar on role and function of the Police in a post-military era, organised by the Centre for Law Enforcement Education in Nigeria (CLEEN), and the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) at the Savannah Suite, Abuja, From 8th to 10th March. Aluko, M. A. O. (2002). The limited, Nigeria institutionalisation of corruption and its impact on political culture and behaviour in Nigeria. Nordic Journal of African Studies, 11(3), 26- 39. Black, D. (1980). The manners and the customs of the police. New York: Academic Press. Carter, D. L. (2002). The police and community (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education. Centre for Law Enforcement Education & National Human Rights Commission. (1999). Policing a democracy: A survey report on the role and functions of the Nigeria police in a post military era. Lagos: Centre for Law Enforcement Education & National Human Rights Commission. Clinard, M. B.,& Meier, R. F. (2008). Sociology of deviant behavior (13th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth. Dambazau, A. B. (2007). Criminology and criminal justice (2nd ed.). Ibadan: Spectrum Books. Davis, R., Mateu-Gelabert, P. & Miller, J. (2005). Can effective policing also be respectful? Two examples from Bronx. Police Quarterly, 8, 229-247. Dike, V. E. (2010). Corruption in Nigeria: A new paradigm for effective control, Africa economic analysis. Retrieved from Ford, K., Weissbein, D. & Plamondon, K. (2003). Distinguishing organisational from strategy commitment: Linking officers' commitment to community policing to job behaviours and satisfaction. Police Quarterly, 20, 159-186. Hess, B. B., Markson, E. W., & Stein, P. J. (1992). Sociology (Brief ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. Isima, J., & Okenyodo, K. (2009). Another routine or fundamental change: Police reform in Nigeria since 1999 till date. Lagos: Centre for Law Enforcement Education in Nigeria. Karimu, O. O. (2015). Effects of Nigeria police force personnel welfare condition on performance. European Journal of Research and Reflection in Arts and Humanities, 3(1), 26-38. Kelly, D. H., & Clarke, E. J. (2003). Deviant behaviour: A text-reader in the sociology of deviance (6th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers. Nnam, M. U., Agboti, C. I. & Otu, S. M. (2013). Traditional association: A catalyst for community development, and crime prevention and control in Igboland, Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Reviews, 4(3), 95-101. Odinkalu, C. A. (2005). When did the police become your friend? Changing roles of civil society in promoting safety and security in Nigeria. In E. E. O. Alemika & I. C. Chukwuma (Eds.), Crime and policing in Nigeria: Challenges and options (pp. 28-44). Lagos: CLEEN Foundation. Okereke, O. G. (1993). Public attitudes towards the police force in Nigeria. Police Studies, 16(3), 113-121. Okiro, M. M. (2007). Foreword in community policing: Nigeria police force operational handbook. Ikeja, Lagos: "F" Department and Nigeria Police Printing Press, FHQ annex. Okogwu, F. I. & Nnam, M. U. (2013). Information needs and information seeking behaviour of social science lecturers in Ebonyi state university, Abakaliki. Nigerian Libraries, National Association of Nigerian Librarians, 46(1), 1-13. Onyeozili, E. C. (2005). Obstacle to effective policing in Nigeria. African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies, 1 (1), 32-54. Otu, S. E. (2010). Decision-making practices in armed robbery among armed robbers in Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Arts and Social Sciences, 2, 371-391. Otu, S. E. (2011). The role of town unions and community development associations in ensuring Democratisation, accountable and good governance in the southeastern states of Nigeria. Ebonyi State University Journal of Social Science, 2(1), 14-30. Otu, S. E. & Aro, G. C. (2013). Dealing with professionalism and acquiring and managing legitimacy in a constitutional democratic policing in Nigeria: Where goes the procedural justice approach? Journal of the Institute of Justice and International Studies, 13, 149-170. Otu, S. E. & Elechi, O. O. (2015). Pathways and trajectories to life-course persistent armed robbery offending behavior in contemporary Nigeria: Examining the predictors and the risks factors. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 10(1), 10-31. Qadri, S. M. A. (2005). Criminology: Problems and perspectives (5th ed.). New Delhi: Eastern Book Company. Quinney, R. (1974). Critique of legal order: Crime control in capitalist society. Boston: Little Brown. Reiner, R. (1993). Police accountability: Principles, patterns and practices. In R. Reiner & S. Spencer (Eds.), Accountability policing: Effectiveness, empowerment and equity (pp. 60-88). London: Institute for Public Policy Research. Ren, L., Cao, L., Lovrich, N. & Gaffney, J. (2005). Linking confidence in the police with the performance of the police: Community policing can make a difference. Journal of Criminal Justice, 33, 55-66. Sykes, G. M. (1978). Criminology. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Siegel, L. J. (2008). Criminology: The core (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomas Higher Education. The Guardian, June 10, 2000. Uma, K. E. & Eboh, F. E. (2013). Corruption, economic development and emerging markets: Evidence from Nigeria. Asian Journal of Management Sciences and Education, 3(3), 56-67. Wrobleski, H. M. & Hess, K. M. (2006). Introduction to law enforcement and criminal justice (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.


Cite as