Conference paper Open Access

The spatial distribution of knowledge production in Europe. Evidence from KET and SGC

Lepori, Benedetto; Guerini, Massimiliano; Scherngell, Thomas; Laredo, Philippe


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;In this paper, we develop an analysis of the spatial distribution of knowledge production related to Key Emerging&lt;br&gt;
Technologies (KETs) and Societal Grand Challenges (SGCs) in Europe building on an extensive dataset developed&lt;br&gt;
in the H2020 KNOWMAK project. We first provide a broad characterization of European regions in terms of their&lt;br&gt;
knowledge volume and knowledge intensity, which leads to a distinction between the large metropolitan regions&lt;br&gt;
and smaller knowledge intensive regions. Second, by using principal component analysis, we identify two&lt;br&gt;
components of knowledge production that we broadly characterize as academic production and technology&lt;br&gt;
production. This distinction allows further categorizing regions in terms of the balance between the two&lt;br&gt;
components, which we suggest is also related to the ecology of actors in a region and, notably, of the importance&lt;br&gt;
of public-sector research and of knowledge producing firms. In a further step, we will adopt more advanced&lt;br&gt;
statistical techniques, i.e. latent class analysis, in order to provide a robust identification of classes of regions.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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