Journal article Open Access
The problem of municipal solid waste (MSW) is closely related to slums, where houses in slums are stilt house and near the river, and making area under the house as the place of the garbage disposal place which is relatively difficult to clean. Lawang Kidul is a village that has the largest slum area among other villages and located on the edge of Musi River at Palembang City. One cause of slum is a problem of household waste that is not routinely transported to the garbage disposal place around 62,48%, causing garbage to scattered around the resident houses, even not infrequently throw garbage into rivers and waterways. The study aims to measure the generation rate and composition of MSW in slums of Lawang Kidul Village at Palembang City, and then to measure average generation rate and composition of MSW at several cities in Indonesia. Measurements were carried out for 2 days (14 March 2019 and 17 March 2019). Sampling was carried out in 2 pillars of neighbor (15 and 16) which has the highest number of heads of families among 8 other slums. There are 9 components of MSW that are measured (food waste, paper/cardboard, wood, cloth/textile products, rubber/leather, plastic, metal, glass, etc.). MSW generation rate is measured at 0,46 kg/person/day. The measured density of MSW was 244,97 kg/m3. The composition of MSW is dominated by food waste (48,81%), followed by plastic waste (33,96%), paper/cardboard waste (6,68%), and other waste components. The average of MSW generation rate in Indonesia was 0,352 kg/person/day. The average composition of MSW at several cities in Indonesia is dominated by food waste (63,63%).