Journal article Open Access

CO2 gasification of biogenic fuels in a dual fluidized bed reactor system

Anna Magdalena Mauerhofer; Stefan Müller; Florian Benedikt; Josef Fuchs; Alexander Bartik; Hermann Hofbauer


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        <foaf:name>Anna Magdalena Mauerhofer</foaf:name>
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            <foaf:name>TU Wien</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Stefan Müller</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Florian Benedikt</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Josef Fuchs</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Alexander Bartik</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Hermann Hofbauer</foaf:name>
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            <foaf:name>TU WienHofbauer</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>CO2 gasification of biogenic fuels in a dual fluidized bed reactor system</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2019</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>CO2 gasification, Biomass, Biogenic residue, 100 kWth pilot plant, CO2 conversion, Hydrogen balance</dcat:keyword>
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        <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string">10.13039/501100000780</dct:identifier>
        <foaf:name>European Commission</foaf:name>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2019-09-12</dct:issued>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;A 100 kWth dual fluidized bed steam gasification pilot plant has been developed at TU Wien to convert&lt;br&gt; different types of biogenic fuels into a valuable product gas. In this paper, the conversion of different biogenic&lt;br&gt; fuels in combination with the utilization of CO2 as alternative gasification agent was investigated in the&lt;br&gt; mentioned pilot plant. For this purpose, five experimental campaigns were carried out aiming at the investigation&lt;br&gt; of softwood as reference fuel, and rapeseed cake, bark and lignin as alternative fuels. Pure olivine as&lt;br&gt; well as a mixture (90/10 wt%) of olivine and limestone were used as bed materials. The product gas compositions&lt;br&gt; of the different biogenic fuels changed depending on the elemental composition of the biogenic fuels.&lt;br&gt; Thus, a high amount of carbon in the fuel enhanced CO formation, whereas an increased content of oxygen&lt;br&gt; led to higher CO2 contents. Additionally, the presence of alkali metals in the biomass ash favoured the&lt;br&gt; production of CO. The addition of limestone enhanced the H2 and CO contents via the water gas shift reaction&lt;br&gt; as well as steam and dry reforming reactions, but had no significant effect on tar contents. Overall, this paper&lt;br&gt; presents the feasibility of the dual-fluidized bed gasification process of different biogenic fuels with CO2 as&lt;br&gt; gasification agent.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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    <dct:title>Biorefinery combining HTL and FT to convert wet and solid organic, industrial wastes into 2nd generation biofuels with highest efficiency</dct:title>
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