Conference paper Open Access

Neck braces in motocross: different designs and their effects on muscular activity of the neck

Thiele, Gerrit; Kafka, Patricia; Litzenberger, Stefan; Sabo, Anton

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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3402728</identifier>
      <creatorName>Thiele, Gerrit</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Applied Sciences Technikum Vienna</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Kafka, Patricia</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Applied Sciences Technikum Vienna</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Litzenberger, Stefan</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Applied Sciences Technikum Vienna</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Sabo, Anton</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Applied Sciences Technikum Vienna</affiliation>
    <title>Neck braces in motocross: different designs and their effects on muscular activity of the neck</title>
    <subject>Neck Brace</subject>
    <subject>Muscular Activity</subject>
    <subject>Protective Equipment</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2015-09-23</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Conference paper</resourceType>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3402727</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf"></relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Neck braces are designed to prevent traumatic injuries of the cervical spine by transferring the forces occurring at the head and&amp;nbsp;spine to adjacent body structures, mainly the torso. Gorasso and Petrone (2013) showed that neck braces can influence the&amp;nbsp;muscular activity of the neck during motocross riding, but their results only refer to one analysed neck brace system. Based on&amp;nbsp;their results, this work analyses the effect of different neck brace designs on muscular activity of the neck during specific events&amp;nbsp;in motocross riding. During on-track-measurements the muscular activity of m. sternocleidomastoideus and the upper part of m.&amp;nbsp;trapezius were recorded in three different conditions: driving without neck brace (C1); driving with neck brace system A (C2);&amp;nbsp;driving with neck brace system B (C2). For all the conditions mentioned the following riding events were examined: (a) turn, (b)&amp;nbsp;bumps and (c) jump. Based on the results, it can be concluded that wearing a neck brace during motocross riding has various&amp;nbsp;effects on the muscular activity of the neck. Depending on the neck brace design, the effects can be an increased or a decreased&amp;nbsp;activity of the involved muscles and a change in the distribution of muscular activity in the neck. According to the recent results&amp;nbsp;and with additional research, an improved neck brace system with optimized design can be developed, which not only serves&amp;nbsp;protective purposes, but also can help to relieve the riders neck muscles during riding.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</description>
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