Conference paper Open Access

Neck braces in motocross: different designs and their effects on muscular activity of the neck

Thiele, Gerrit; Kafka, Patricia; Litzenberger, Stefan; Sabo, Anton


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    <dct:title>Neck braces in motocross: different designs and their effects on muscular activity of the neck</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2015</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>Motocross</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Neck Brace</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>sEMG</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Muscular Activity</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Protective Equipment</dcat:keyword>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2015-09-23</dct:issued>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Neck braces are designed to prevent traumatic injuries of the cervical spine by transferring the forces occurring at the head and&amp;nbsp;spine to adjacent body structures, mainly the torso. Gorasso and Petrone (2013) showed that neck braces can influence the&amp;nbsp;muscular activity of the neck during motocross riding, but their results only refer to one analysed neck brace system. Based on&amp;nbsp;their results, this work analyses the effect of different neck brace designs on muscular activity of the neck during specific events&amp;nbsp;in motocross riding. During on-track-measurements the muscular activity of m. sternocleidomastoideus and the upper part of m.&amp;nbsp;trapezius were recorded in three different conditions: driving without neck brace (C1); driving with neck brace system A (C2);&amp;nbsp;driving with neck brace system B (C2). For all the conditions mentioned the following riding events were examined: (a) turn, (b)&amp;nbsp;bumps and (c) jump. Based on the results, it can be concluded that wearing a neck brace during motocross riding has various&amp;nbsp;effects on the muscular activity of the neck. Depending on the neck brace design, the effects can be an increased or a decreased&amp;nbsp;activity of the involved muscles and a change in the distribution of muscular activity in the neck. According to the recent results&amp;nbsp;and with additional research, an improved neck brace system with optimized design can be developed, which not only serves&amp;nbsp;protective purposes, but also can help to relieve the riders neck muscles during riding.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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