Conference paper Open Access

Neck braces in motocross: different designs and their effects on muscular activity of the neck

Thiele, Gerrit; Kafka, Patricia; Litzenberger, Stefan; Sabo, Anton

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  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.3402728", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Neck braces in motocross: different designs and their effects on muscular activity of the neck", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>Neck braces are designed to prevent traumatic injuries of the cervical spine by transferring the forces occurring at the head and&nbsp;spine to adjacent body structures, mainly the torso. Gorasso and Petrone (2013) showed that neck braces can influence the&nbsp;muscular activity of the neck during motocross riding, but their results only refer to one analysed neck brace system. Based on&nbsp;their results, this work analyses the effect of different neck brace designs on muscular activity of the neck during specific events&nbsp;in motocross riding. During on-track-measurements the muscular activity of m. sternocleidomastoideus and the upper part of m.&nbsp;trapezius were recorded in three different conditions: driving without neck brace (C1); driving with neck brace system A (C2);&nbsp;driving with neck brace system B (C2). For all the conditions mentioned the following riding events were examined: (a) turn, (b)&nbsp;bumps and (c) jump. Based on the results, it can be concluded that wearing a neck brace during motocross riding has various&nbsp;effects on the muscular activity of the neck. Depending on the neck brace design, the effects can be an increased or a decreased&nbsp;activity of the involved muscles and a change in the distribution of muscular activity in the neck. According to the recent results&nbsp;and with additional research, an improved neck brace system with optimized design can be developed, which not only serves&nbsp;protective purposes, but also can help to relieve the riders neck muscles during riding.&nbsp;</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Thiele, Gerrit"
      "family": "Kafka, Patricia"
      "family": "Litzenberger, Stefan"
      "family": "Sabo, Anton"
  "id": "3402728", 
  "type": "paper-conference", 
  "event": "The Impact of Technology on Sport - 7th Asia-Pacific Congress on Sports Technology (APCST 2015)"
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