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Pengelolaan Wilayah Perbatasan Berbasis Integrated Border Management (IBM) dalam Meningkatkan Daya Saing Investasi dan Perdagangan Indonesia

Priangani, Ade

Position of Indonesia- Singapore borders area is very strategic, such a position, however, has not been optimally utilized. Borders area is an enticing entrance for investors. Accordingly, there  will  be  a need  of integrated  management  so  as to be  able  to improve competitiveness  mainly  in the  field  of investment  and  trade. The reason why management model more suitably refers to the IBM because the model in some countries has successfully maximized function of borders area.  This  research aims to study and give input into implementation  of Border Management  mainly Integrated Border Management (IBM) in the area of Indonesia Borders, especially Indonesia-Singapore  Borders, as an effort to promote Indonesia competitiveness in the sector of trade and investment.

This  research  employs  single  case  study  qualitative  analysis  approach.The research focuses on the making of competitiveness  of investment and trade in Indonesia’s borders region (Riau Island), referring to IBM and competitiveness parameter  so as to be towards single face in borders management  ini borders area.  Location of doing research  is  Batam  and  Tanjungpinang.  Informen  are involved in this study could be Secretary and Staff of Borders Management Board of Riau Island  Province,  Workers  of Riau Island  Immigration  Office, Tanjungpinang  City Customs  Office,  BP-Batam,  PT KSP and expert  judgment Prof.Asep Warlan, Prof. Rusadi Kantaprawira dan Agus GK (Komisi I DPR-RI)

The   results   of   the   research   demontrated   that:   (1)   Impediments   to Indonesia-Singapore (Batam-Bintan) Border Area Management are lack of manpower owned by Border Management Board of Riau Islands Province, increasingly global trade, lack of law and regulations of borders, (2) IBM based- border area management has been running, however has not been so adequate in line with challenges  of current border management,  (3) Mechanism  of trade and company permissions to run all their business transactions are done through one office, whereas investment procedure in Indonesia-Singapore  border area is done   through   one   roof   policy,   (4)   Implementation   of   Integrated   Border Management   principle  to  management   of  border  in  the  area  of  Indonesia- Singapore   border   has   referred   to   the   emerging   of   Single   Administrative Document  (SAD)  and Single Window  (SW), however  implementation  of Single Window in the area of Indonesia-Singapore  border has not been optimal.

The   results   of   the   research   might   contribute   to   development   of management  science, mainly border management,  and might be a reference to implementation  of border area management  strategy done by National Board of Border  Management,  in  special  Border  Management  Board  of  Riau  Islands Province by referring to IBM (SAD and SW) in search of moving towards single face in border management.

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