Project deliverable Open Access
This report describes the execution, results, and insights from Task 5.3 of the REEEM project, which analyses pathways towards a low‐carbon energy system for the European Union. Part I of this document describes the LCA model developed as part of the Task and its application to the pathways to quantify the associated environmental impacts. Part II focuses on the critical materials assessment component of the Task and discusses how European energy technology related demand for these materials might change between the pathways explored in REEEM and assesses the risk of supply bottlenecks that might impede these technological transitions.
REEEM-D5.3_Focus Report on Life Cycle Assessment and Demand for Critical Materials.pdf