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On the structure of splitting verbs in Yoruba

Alicia Parrish; Cara Feldscher


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Yoruba has a set of bisyllabic verbs that obligatorily split around a direct object,&lt;br&gt;
as in Ad&amp;eacute; ba il&amp;eacute; n&amp;agrave;&amp;aacute; j&amp;eacute;, meaning &amp;lsquo;Ad&amp;eacute; destroyed the house&amp;rsquo;, where both ba and&lt;br&gt;
j&amp;eacute; make up the verb for destroy. These are called &amp;ldquo;splitting verbs&amp;rdquo; and have previ-&lt;br&gt;
ously been analyzed as requiring that the first verbal element be merged directly on&lt;br&gt;
v. We introduce new data using an aspectual marker, t&amp;uacute;n, meaning again, which&lt;br&gt;
changes the typical word order such that both verbal elements appear string ad-&lt;br&gt;
jacent following the object, as in Ad&amp;eacute; t&amp;uacute;n il&amp;eacute; n&amp;agrave;&amp;aacute; baj&amp;eacute;, meaning &amp;lsquo;Ad&amp;eacute; destroyed&lt;br&gt;
the house again&amp;rsquo;. This data supports a movement-based analysis of splitting verbs&lt;br&gt;
where both verbal elements are initially merged low in the structure, but the first&lt;br&gt;
verbal element is moved through Asp to v.&lt;/p&gt;

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