Journal article Open Access

Trust management in a blockchain based fog computing platform with trustless smart oracles

Petar Kochovski; Sandi Gec; Vlado Stankovski; Marko Bajec; Pavel D. Drobintsev

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      <creatorName>Petar Kochovski</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Ljubljana; Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Sandi Gec</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Ljubljana</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Vlado Stankovski</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Ljubljana</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Marko Bajec</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Ljubljana</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Pavel D. Drobintsev</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University</affiliation>
    <title>Trust management in a blockchain based fog computing platform with trustless smart oracles</title>
    <subject>Trust, Fog, Blockchain, Smart contract, Smart oracle</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2019-07-19</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1016/j.future.2019.07.030</relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Trust is a crucial aspect when cyber-physical systems have to rely on resources and services under ownership of various entities, such as in the case of Edge, Fog and Cloud computing. The DECENTER&amp;rsquo;s Fog Computing Platform is developed to support Big Data pipelines, which start from the Internet of Things (IoT), such as cameras that provide video-streams for subsequent analysis. It is used to implement Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms across the Edge-Fog-Cloud computing continuum which provide benefits to applications, including high Quality of Service (QoS), improved privacy and security, lower operational costs and similar. In this article, we present a trust management architecture for DECENTER that relies on the use of blockchain-based Smart Contracts (SCs) and specifically designed trustless Smart Oracles. The architecture is implemented on Ethereum ledger (testnet) and three trust management scenarios are used for illustration. The scenarios (trust management for cameras, trusted data flow and QoS based computing node selection) are used to present the benefits of establishing trust relationships among entities, services and stakeholders of the platform.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/100010661</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/815141/">815141</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Decentralised technologies for orchestrated cloud-to-edge intelligence</awardTitle>
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