Poster Open Access

Stable isotope perspectives of domesticated animal-environment interactions at Vinča and Stubline during the Late Neolithic

Gillis, E. Roslind; Bulatović, Jelena; Penezić, Kristina; Spasić, Miloš; Makarewicz, Cheryl

Archaeozoological studies of faunal material from the Late Neolithic sites of Vinča and Stubline have shown that their farming economy was primarily oriented towards animal husbandry, although hunting was an important activity for meat, fur and raw materials as well. Red deer was the most abundant hunted species, followed by wild boar, roe deer, aurochs and hare. Animal husbandry was based on herding cattle, pig and caprines (sheep and goat) at both sites. However, there are some differences in terms of their significance between the sites.Cattle were the most important species, dominate the both assemblages. For small stock, pig were more common than caprines at Vinča, while at Stubline caprines were more frequent. However little is known about how the inhabitants of these sites managed and used the surrounding landscape for animal husbandry practices. Stable isotopic analysis of animal bone and dental enamel can provide an insight into how the landscape was used for animal pasture as well as the periodicity of animal births and animal–environment interactions. This poster will describe the initial δ13C, δ15N and δ18O results from the analysis of bone collagen and dental enamel from cattle, caprines and pig remains from Vinča and Stubline. In addition to these species, wild species, such as red and roe deer and wild boars were analysed, which provide a proxy for the landscape surrounding Vinča and Stubline. The initial results indicate that the landscape surrounding the two sites differed and this is reflected in foddering practices of individual species between the sites.  

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