Journal article Open Access

Eye Makeup Use, Adoption of Makeup Safety Guidelines among Women and Its Association with Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI): Analytical Cross-Sectional Study

Maroof, Saira; Mehmood, Humaira; Khurshied, Saleh; Bukhari, Syeda Kinza; Shabbir, Muhammad Bilal; Malik, Khizar; Shan, Kanwal; Zameer, Usama


Objectives: To assess the frequency of eye makeup use among female doctors and its association with ocular surface disease Index (OSDI).

Study Design: Analytical Cross-Sectional Study

Place and Duration of Study: It was conducted from Jan 2018 to May 2018 at a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi.

Materials and Methods: Sample size calculated using WHO sample size calculator was 272 with margin of error 5% and confidence level of 95%. A WHO Standardized OSDI Questionnaire was used to asses for the severity of ocular surface disease and frequency of application of eye makeup. Females were also inquired about adoption of safety guidelines while applying and removing eye makeup. Results were displayed as frequencies and percentages and Chi Square test was applied to assess statistical significance among frequency of makeup use and severity of ocular symptoms.

Results: Frequency of Eye makeup use as stated by the participants was less than three times among 37% and it was more than three times a week among 63% participants. Once a week users were only 24.7%. Among users it was found that majority 49.3% had normal scores while 55(24.2%) had mild disease, 11.5% had moderate disease and only 15% had severe disease. Some questions were added in questionnaire to assess the safety practices regarding eye makeup use. It was quite satisfactory to know that 73.1% of the participants do check expiry date of products before use, don’t share their products with others 62.1% and take off makeup before going to sleep 78.4%. However, the situation was quite opposite in some other practices as only 42.3% do patch test before applying makeup and 34.8% check constituents before purchasing the make up as to some of the constituents they might be sensitive.

Conclusion: This study shows the utilization of eye make-up is extensive and related to the perception of ocular discomfort. With such widespread use of these products, more research is needed to assess the effect on the ocular surface and tear film, which can be underestimated.

Files (544.8 kB)
Name Size
544.8 kB Download
All versions This version
Views 106106
Downloads 7373
Data volume 39.8 MB39.8 MB
Unique views 9797
Unique downloads 6161


Cite as